Beginner’s Guide to Bass Fishing: Bass Behavior Changes By Season

For this post we’re going to talk about seasonal bass

behavior specifically where you can

locate largemouth bass from season to season why

they’re there and also some good bait to

catch them on as conditions change from

season to season

Vasko on the move in part two of our

beginners guide we pointed out the bass

have just three primary concerns food

survival and reproduction all three also

greatly contribute to seasonal movement

for food a bass must follow migrating

food supplies for survival they must

seek ideal water temperatures and oxygen

levels in for reproduction

they must spawn in areas where eggs can

hatch successfully water temperature

oxygen levels light penetration and food

supply these are all driving factors

fall winter spring and summer the Four

Seasons

except an ambassador Sheen is actually

more like six behavior is pretty diverse

in the spring when bass reproduce so it

makes much more sense to divide this

period further into three different sub

seasons pre spawn spawn and post spawn

so let’s start breaking this down season

by season beginning with the fall

[Music]

the fall season begins with a movement

from deep summer sanctuaries to

shallower water as temperatures begin to

cool baitfish play a huge role this time

of year on typical reservoir style Lakes

school debate like shad will migrate

into the shallower tributary arms where

they become extremely active shatter

constantly on the move in the fall often

roaming in slightly deeper areas of his

creek arms for most of the day then

retreating the shoreline cover in the

evening with so much activity bats have

numerous opportunities to feed and they

take full advantage of it you can expect

bass to be located in a variety of areas

but the common denominator is always

nearby bait fish structure found where

Creek arms open into the main lake like

shallower humps large flat and main Lake

points where all areas where bass can

lie in wait for schools a bait to bunch

up as they move by also shad will push

further back into tributary arms as

water temps continue to fall and bass

will follow so fishing nearby coves and

secondary points near the mouths of

these creeks can also be productive

you can expect bass to be holding the

various cover in these areas like boat

docks timber and grass lines because

bait fish are so prominent your choice

of lure needs to reflect that shallow to

medium running crank baits and willow

leaf spinner baits are probably the most

effective baits

this time of year a lipless crankbait or

even at top water popper style bait can

also work wonders did you happen to find

bass in a feeding frenzy near school of

shad shad are not fully grown this time

of year you’ll have more success with

smaller profile baits also they suspend

so you typically want to make sure to

keep your baits off the bottom color

will mostly depend on water clarity with

natural colors working better in clear

water and flashy colors working better

in stained water from one of the most

active seasons of the year to the most

inactive season of the year winter cold

weather pushes bass and shad to deeper

Maine lake areas where water

temperatures are more stable and less

cold compared to shallower water before

we continue let’s clarify that bass do

not hibernate they don’t stop beating

they don’t stop moving in the winter

they simply do much less of each bass

are cold blooded which means their

bodies take on the temperature of their

environment cold water slows their

biological processes and they simply

require less food and have less energy

for movement less movement is a big

factor in where and how you’ll catch

bass this time of year expect them to be

located around structural areas with

steep depth changes like creek channel

drop-offs

or rock ledges which allow them to cover

depths quickly without exerting much

energy main lake humps submerged

roadbeds

standing timber and deeper water these

are all high percentage locations and

you’ll likely find them grouped up this

time of year a slower presentation is

usually needed in the winter since bass

feed far less frequently and are less

willing to chase Bates Bates like jigs

spoons and grub style plastics rigged on

jig heads can be hopped slowly along the

bottom and are great at probing deep

vertical structure crank baits and

bladed baits like under spins work as

well especially during warming trends if

you’re in need of a search bait and

wants to cover lots of water quickly

don’t discount the lipless crankbait

which tends to single out more active

fish in clear water a jerk plate also

makes for a great search bait it is

considered one of the more effective

winter baits the first big warming trend

marked the beginning of what has to be

the most exciting diverse and sometimes

confusing season spring bass lead their

winter sanctuaries and begin the process

of reproducing which involves building

up energy in the pre spawn working to

hatch eggs in the spawn and then

recovering from the stress of

reproduction in the post spawn the

interesting thing about the spring

season is that all three of these sub

seasons are often happening at the exact

same time as bass do not spawn uniformly

that’s in the pre spawn stage begin to

move closer to their desired spawning

locations as bats leave their deep

winter spots they will migrate back into

tributary arms using structure and cover

exclusively as navigation points

so fish any structural features between

winter spots and likely spawning grounds

that’s become more and more active as

temperatures warm and they also tend to

stick tightly to cover as they make this

journey spinnerbaits crankbaits lipless

crankbaits ChatterBait it all worked

quite well this time of year work these

baits faster and faster as temperatures

rise to cover water quickly slowing down

along the way and isolated cover like

brush piles and stumps with a jig or

Texas rig in lakes and reservoirs the

red rattle trap has become known as the

primary pre spawn baits as crawfish

become a prominent food source in late

winter to early spring when bats are

ready to spawn male bass move on to

spawning grounds which are often

shallower hard bottom flats and when

protected areas females wait nearby

until they’re rounded up to drop their

eggs and the male is then left to defend

the nest as the eggs hatch we’ll go into

more detail in our biog devoted

entirely to spawning bass but a variety

of baits can be used successfully during

this phase soft jerk baits like a fluke

jigs lizards and ribbon tail worms are

just a few that work well keep in mind

though that bats are often not drawn to

your lure as food this time of year it’s

much more likely they are reacting

debates based on their protective

instinct of the nest a couple of

important notes about when and where

bass spawn expect to spawn to kick off

in the northern parts of the body of

water first because these areas

typically warm faster since they’re

protected from colder north winds

also water clarity is important for

spawning fish as the right amount of

sunlight is needed to successfully hatch

eggs so on Mercury Lakes you can expect

spawning bass to be in shallower water

on clearer lakes you might see this

occurring at deeper depths the post pond

is where things can get tricky faster

and full recovery mode after spawning

which usually puts them into sort of a

funk females will often be suspended

under cover not far from beds like boat

docks submerge brush or lay downs and

you’ll have to rely on erratic action to

get them to bite baits like a jerkbait

swim jig or a colorado leaf spinner

baits are great options males are more

active and stick to nests briefly to

protect fry bluegill imitators or even a

top water walking bait around nests can

work great here also the shad and

bluegill spawn occurs not long after

bass spawn in similar shallow protected

areas so choose colors to match whatever

bass are currently feeding on watermelon

reds pumpkin colors are all great

choices for South plastics as well as

natural colors like sexy shad for

spinner baits or chatter baits

the summer heat pushes most baths back

to deep main leg sanctuaries where

temperatures are cooler and shad are

plentiful deep main lake river channels

ledges and humps are common locations

you might think this sounds a lot like

winter except this time of the year bats

do remain active they are a warm water

fish after all and can thrive in the

summer

however extreme heat is a stressor so to

compensate summer baths typically will

feed aggressively but only a short burst

Jiggs Carolina rig soft plastics drop

shots deep diving crankbaits are all

great deep summer baits timing is often

critical so if you happen to locate

deepwater bass that aren’t currently

feeding resort to much slower

presentations another critical component

of summer bass fishing is depth because

there is such a thing as too deep lack

of light penetration and insufficient

oxygen levels become an issue the deeper

you go fishermen often referred to

something called the thermocline as the

barrier to which bass will not descend

below for the purposes of this biog we

can say that on clearer bodies of water

bats will often be deeper than our lakes

with stained water but be aware that a

sort of dead zone can’t exist at the

deepest depths

what about shallow summer baths several

ecological factors prevent the majority

of bass from setting up in shallower

water which you will find some of them

their focus on shaded cover for shallow

summer baths you will always have your

best luck in the early morning and late

evening when bass might be tempted in

defeating around highly vegetated areas

or bait to hovered as I’m sure you’ve

figured out by now we can never fully

predict bass behavior with blogblogblog% accuracy

because there’s just too many different

variables that can change even our our

much less season to season but make it

really tough so by applying seasonal

techniques to your fishing you can

effectively and efficiently eliminate

unproductive water on any body of water

that you go to so we’re talking about

making a highly educated guess here

that’s going to greatly increase your

chances of catching fish quickly and

catching more of them as the seasons

change thank you so much for watching

guys be sure to subscribe I’d love to

see you come back and watch some more

biogs and share this around with people

that you know might be interested in

bass fishing also check out our sponsor

mystery taco box once again thanks for

watching the intermediate guide to bass

fishing we will see you next time

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